Carl Schmitt

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In The Concept of the Political (1932), Carl Schmitt writes: "the specific political distinction to which political actions and motives can be reduced is that between friend and enemy."[2]

In his book Political Theology (1922), Schmitt presented a quite different, even contradictory logic of the political.

There the structural function of the exception - the sovereign's Godlike ability to declare a state of emergency and act outside the law - implies that the border between the law and lawlessness is permeable and, by extension, that hte realtionship of interiority and exteriority is unstable.


  1. Zizek. The Ticklish Subject. p. 113-116
  2. Carl Schmitt. The Concept of the Political, trans. Geroge Schwab. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996), 26.