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From the beginning of psychoanalysis, the term unpleasure, in the ordinary sense of a disagreeable impression, was chosen by Sigmund Freud for its dynamic dimension in psychic functioning. He noted the role of "feelings of unpleasure" in the speech of his patients and their defenses against the painful contents of their thoughts. In "On the Psychical Mechanism of Hysterical Phenomena: Preliminary Communication" (1893a) by Freud and Josef Breuer, these painful affects—fear, anxiety, shame, physical pain—are enumerated and their...